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Verse (8:41), Word 19 - Quranic Grammar

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The nineteenth word of verse (8:41) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (8) sūrat l-anfāl (The Spoils of War)


(8:41:19)
bil-lahi
in Allah,
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (8:41)

The analysis above refers to the 41st verse of chapter 8 (sūrat l-anfāl):

Sahih International: And know that anything you obtain of war booty - then indeed, for Allah is one fifth of it and for the Messenger and for [his] near relatives and the orphans, the needy, and the [stranded] traveler, if you have believed in Allah and in that which We sent down to Our Servant on the day of criterion - the day when the two armies met. And Allah , over all things, is competent.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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