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Verse (8:40), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (8:40) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A result particle, verb and subject pronoun. The result particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate the result of a condition. The imperative verb (فعل أمر) is second person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (8) sūrat l-anfāl (The Spoils of War)


(8:40:3)
fa-iʿ'lamū
then know
RSLT – prefixed result particle
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الفاء واقعة في جواب الشرط
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (8:40)

The analysis above refers to the 40th verse of chapter 8 (sūrat l-anfāl):

Sahih International: But if they turn away - then know that Allah is your protector. Excellent is the protector, and Excellent is the helper.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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