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Verse (8:34), Word 21 - Quranic Grammar

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The 21st word of verse (8:34) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (8) sūrat l-anfāl (The Spoils of War)


(8:34:21)
yaʿlamūna
know.
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (8:34)

The analysis above refers to the 34th verse of chapter 8 (sūrat l-anfāl):

Sahih International: But why should Allah not punish them while they obstruct [people] from al-Masjid al- îaram and they were not [fit to be] its guardians? Its [true] guardians are not but the righteous, but most of them do not know.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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