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Verse (8:24), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (8:24) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (8) sūrat l-anfāl (The Spoils of War)

to Allah
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (8:24)

The analysis above refers to the 24th verse of chapter 8 (sūrat l-anfāl):

Sahih International: O you who have believed, respond to Allah and to the Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life. And know that Allah intervenes between a man and his heart and that to Him you will be gathered.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds