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Verse (85:1), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (85:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition wa is usually translated as "by" and is used to form an oath. The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is sīn mīm wāw (س م و). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (85) sūrat l-burūj (The Big Stars)

By the sky,
P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)
N – genitive feminine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (85:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 85 (sūrat l-burūj):

Sahih International: By the sky containing great stars

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