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Verse (7:38), Word 40 - Quranic Grammar

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The 40th word of verse (7:38) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (7) sūrat l-aʿrāf (The Heights)


(7:38:40)
taʿlamūna
you know."
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (7:38)

The analysis above refers to the 38th verse of chapter 7 (sūrat l-aʿrāf):

Sahih International: [Allah] will say, "Enter among nations which had passed on before you of jinn and mankind into the Fire." Every time a nation enters, it will curse its sister until, when they have all overtaken one another therein, the last of them will say about the first of them "Our Lord, these had misled us, so give them a double punishment of the Fire. He will say, "For each is double, but you do not know."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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