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Verse (7:33), Word 17 - Quranic Grammar

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The seventeenth word of verse (7:33) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (7) sūrat l-aʿrāf (The Heights)


(7:33:17)
bil-lahi
with Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (7:33)

The analysis above refers to the 33rd verse of chapter 7 (sūrat l-aʿrāf):

Sahih International: Say, "My Lord has only forbidden immoralities - what is apparent of them and what is concealed - and sin, and oppression without right, and that you associate with Allah that for which He has not sent down authority, and that you say about Allah that which you do not know."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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