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Verse (7:11), Word 9 - Quranic Grammar

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The ninth word of verse (7:11) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The case marker is a fatḥah instead of a kasrah because the proper noun is a diptote (ممنوع من الصرف). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (7) sūrat l-aʿrāf (The Heights)


(7:11:9)
liādama
to Adam,"
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive masculine proper noun → Adam
جار ومجرور

Verse (7:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 7 (sūrat l-aʿrāf):

Sahih International: And We have certainly created you, [O Mankind], and given you [human] form. Then We said to the angels, "Prostrate to Adam"; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was not of those who prostrated.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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