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Verse (73:20), Word 53 - Quranic Grammar

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The 53rd word of verse (73:20) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The form IV imperative verb (فعل أمر) is second person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is qāf wāw mīm (ق و م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (73) sūrat l-muzamil (The One wrapped in Garments)


(73:20:53)
wa-aqīmū
and establish
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form IV) imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (73:20)

The analysis above refers to the twentieth verse of chapter 73 (sūrat l-muzamil):

Sahih International: Indeed, your Lord knows, [O Muhammad], that you stand [in prayer] almost two thirds of the night or half of it or a third of it, and [so do] a group of those with you. And Allah determines [the extent of] the night and the day. He has known that you [Muslims] will not be able to do it and has turned to you in forgiveness, so recite what is easy [for you] of the Qur'an. He has known that there will be among you those who are ill and others traveling throughout the land seeking [something] of the bounty of Allah and others fighting for the cause of Allah. So recite what is easy from it and establish prayer and give zakah and loan Allah a goodly loan. And whatever good you put forward for yourselves - you will find it with Allah. It is better and greater in reward. And seek forgiveness of Allah. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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