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Verse (6:109), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (6:109) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (6) sūrat l-anʿām (The Cattle)


(6:109:2)
bil-lahi
by Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (6:109)

The analysis above refers to the 109th verse of chapter 6 (sūrat l-anʿām):

Sahih International: And they swear by Allah their strongest oaths that if a sign came to them, they would surely believe in it. Say, "The signs are only with Allah." And what will make you perceive that even if a sign came, they would not believe.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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