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Verse (68:2), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (68:2) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is nūn ʿayn mīm (ن ع م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (68) sūrat l-qalam (The Pen)

by (the) Grace
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (68:2)

The analysis above refers to the second verse of chapter 68 (sūrat l-qalam):

Sahih International: You are not, [O Muhammad], by the favor of your Lord, a madman.

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