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Verse (61:11), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (61:11) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (61) sūrat l-ṣaf (The Row)

in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (61:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 61 (sūrat l-ṣaf):

Sahih International: [It is that] you believe in Allah and His Messenger and strive in the cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives. That is best for you, if you should know.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds