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Verse (60:4), Word 17 - Quranic Grammar

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The seventeenth word of verse (60:4) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (60) sūrat l-mum'taḥanah (The Woman to be examined)


(60:4:17)
taʿbudūna
you worship
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (60:4)

The analysis above refers to the fourth verse of chapter 60 (sūrat l-mum'taḥanah):

Sahih International: There has already been for you an excellent pattern in Abraham and those with him, when they said to their people, "Indeed, we are disassociated from you and from whatever you worship other than Allah. We have denied you, and there has appeared between us and you animosity and hatred forever until you believe in Allah alone" except for the saying of Abraham to his father, "I will surely ask forgiveness for you, but I have not [power to do] for you anything against Allah. Our Lord, upon You we have relied, and to You we have returned, and to You is the destination.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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