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Verse (5:97), Word 13 - Quranic Grammar

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The thirteenth word of verse (5:97) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A particle of purpose, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed particle lām is used to indicate the purpose of an action and makes the following verb subjunctive. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)


(5:97:13)
litaʿlamū
so that you may know
PRP – prefixed particle of purpose lām
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
اللام لام التعليل
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (5:97)

The analysis above refers to the 97th verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: Allah has made the Ka‘bah, the Sacred House, standing for the people and [has sanctified] the sacred months and the sacrificial animals and the garlands [by which they are identified]. That is so you may know that Allah knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth and that Allah is Knowing of all things.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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