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Verse (5:69), Word 10 - Quranic Grammar

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The tenth word of verse (5:69) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)


(5:69:10)
bil-lahi
in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (5:69)

The analysis above refers to the 69th verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: Indeed, those who have believed [in Prophet Muúammad] and those [before Him] who were Jews or Sabeans or Christians – those [among them] who believed in Allah and the Last Day and did righteousness – no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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