The sixth word of verse (5:45) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is nūn fā sīn (ن ف س). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 45th
verse of chapter 5 (sūrat
Sahih International: And We ordained for them therein a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds is legal retribution. But whoever gives [up his right as] charity, it is an expiation for him. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.
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