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Verse (5:21), Word 13 - Quranic Grammar


The thirteenth word of verse (5:21) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A particle of cause, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so". The particle is used to indicate cause and makes the following verb subjunctive. The form VII imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is qāf lām bā (ق ل ب). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)

then you will turn back
CAUS – prefixed particle of cause
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form VII) imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
الفاء سببية
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (5:21)

The analysis above refers to the 21st verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: O my people, enter the Holy Land which Allah has assigned to you and do not turn back [from fighting in Allah's cause] and [thus] become losers."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds