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Verse (59:1), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (59:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (59) sūrat l-ḥashr (The Gathering)

[to] Allah
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (59:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 59 (sūrat l-ḥashr):

Sahih International: Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth exalts Allah , and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds