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Verse (57:8), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar

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The fifth word of verse (57:8) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (57) sūrat l-ḥadīd (The Iron)


(57:8:5)
bil-lahi
in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (57:8)

The analysis above refers to the eighth verse of chapter 57 (sūrat l-ḥadīd):

Sahih International: And why do you not believe in Allah while the Messenger invites you to believe in your Lord and He has taken your covenant, if you should [truly] be believers?

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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