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Verse (57:14), Word 19 - Quranic Grammar

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The nineteenth word of verse (57:14) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (57) sūrat l-ḥadīd (The Iron)


(57:14:19)
bil-lahi
about Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (57:14)

The analysis above refers to the fourteenth verse of chapter 57 (sūrat l-ḥadīd):

Sahih International: The hypocrites will call to the believers, "Were we not with you?" They will say, "Yes, but you afflicted yourselves and awaited [misfortune for us] and doubted, and wishful thinking deluded you until there came the command of Allah. And the Deceiver deceived you concerning Allah.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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