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Verse (54:34), Word 9 - Quranic Grammar


The ninth word of verse (54:34) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is sīn ḥā rā (س ح ر). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (54) sūrat l-qamar (The Moon)

by dawn
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun → Dawn
جار ومجرور

Verse (54:34)

The analysis above refers to the 34th verse of chapter 54 (sūrat l-qamar):

Sahih International: Indeed, We sent upon them a storm of stones, except the family of Lot - We saved them before dawn

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds