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Verse (54:31), Word 7 - Quranic Grammar


The seventh word of verse (54:31) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition ka is usually translated as "like" or "as". The noun is masculine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is hā shīn mīm (ه ش م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (54) sūrat l-qamar (The Moon)

like dry twig fragments
P – prefixed preposition ka
N – genitive masculine singular noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (54:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 54 (sūrat l-qamar):

Sahih International: Indeed, We sent upon them one blast from the sky, and they became like the dry twig fragments of an [animal] pen.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds