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Verse (53:23), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (53:23) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A verb, subject pronoun and object pronoun. The form II perfect verb (فعل ماض) is second person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is sīn mīm wāw (س م و). The suffix (التاء) is an attached subject pronoun. The attached object pronoun is third person feminine singular.

Chapter (53) sūrat l-najm (The Star)

you have named them,
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form II) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular object pronoun
فعل ماض والتاء ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (53:23)

The analysis above refers to the 23rd verse of chapter 53 (sūrat l-najm):

Sahih International: They are not but [mere] names you have named them - you and your forefathers - for which Allah has sent down no authority. They follow not except assumption and what [their] souls desire, and there has already come to them from their Lord guidance.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds