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Verse (51:5), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (51:5) is divided into 2 morphological segments. An emphatic prefix and active participle. The prefixed particle lām is usually translated as "surely" or "indeed" and is used to add emphasis. The indefinite active participle is masculine and is in the nominative case (مرفوع). The active participle's triliteral root is ṣād dāl qāf (ص د ق).

Chapter (51) sūrat l-dhāriyāt (The Wind that Scatter)

(is) surely true,
EMPH – emphatic prefix lām
N – nominative masculine indefinite active participle
اللام لام التوكيد
اسم مرفوع

Verse (51:5)

The analysis above refers to the fifth verse of chapter 51 (sūrat l-dhāriyāt):

Sahih International: Indeed, what you are promised is true.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds