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Verse (4:6), Word 36 - Quranic Grammar

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The 36th word of verse (4:6) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)


(4:6:36)
bil-lahi
Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (4:6)

The analysis above refers to the sixth verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: And test the orphans [in their abilities] until they reach marriageable age. Then if you perceive in them sound judgement, release their property to them. And do not consume it excessively and quickly, [anticipating] that they will grow up. And whoever, [when acting as guardian], is self-sufficient should refrain [from taking a fee]; and whoever is poor - let him take according to what is acceptable. Then when you release their property to them, bring witnesses upon them. And sufficient is Allah as Accountant.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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