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Verse (4:65), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (4:65) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition wa is usually translated as "by" and is used to form an oath. The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is rā bā bā (ر ب ب). The attached possessive pronoun is second person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)


(4:65:2)
warabbika
by your Lord,
P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (4:65)

The analysis above refers to the 65th verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Muhammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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