The third word of verse (4:45) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn dāl wāw (ع د و). The attached possessive pronoun is second person masculine plural. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 45th
verse of chapter 4 (sūrat
Sahih International: And Allah is most knowing of your enemies; and sufficient is Allah as an ally, and sufficient is Allah as a helper.
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