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Verse (4:23), Word 49 - Quranic Grammar


The 49th word of verse (4:23) is a perfect verb (فعل ماض). The verb is third person masculine singular. The verb's triliteral root is sīn lām fā (س ل ف).

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)

passed before.
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb فعل ماض

Verse (4:23)

The analysis above refers to the 23rd verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: Prohibited to you [for marriage] are your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, your father's sisters, your mother's sisters, your brother's daughters, your sister's daughters, your [milk] mothers who nursed you, your sisters through nursing, your wives' mothers, and your step-daughters under your guardianship [born] of your wives unto whom you have gone in. But if you have not gone in unto them, there is no sin upon you. And [also prohibited are] the wives of your sons who are from your [own] loins, and that you take [in marriage] two sisters simultaneously, except for what has already occurred. Indeed, Allah is ever Forgiving and Merciful.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds