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Verse (4:172), Word 7 - Quranic Grammar


The seventh word of verse (4:172) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)

of Allah
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (4:172)

The analysis above refers to the 172nd verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: Never would the Messiah disdain to be a servant of Allah , nor would the angels near [to Him]. And whoever disdains His worship and is arrogant - He will gather them to Himself all together.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds