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Verse (4:171), Word 52 - Quranic Grammar

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The 52nd word of verse (4:171) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)


(4:171:52)
bil-lahi
Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (4:171)

The analysis above refers to the 171st verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers. And do not say, "Three"; desist - it is better for you. Indeed, Allah is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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