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Verse (4:152), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (4:152) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)

in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (4:152)

The analysis above refers to the 152nd verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: But they who believe in Allah and His messengers and do not discriminate between any of them - to those He is going to give their rewards. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds