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Verse (4:139), Word 13 - Quranic Grammar

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The thirteenth word of verse (4:139) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)


(4:139:13)
lillahi
(is) for Allah,
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (4:139)

The analysis above refers to the 139th verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: Those who take disbelievers as allies instead of the believers. Do they seek with them honor [through power]? But indeed, honor belongs to Allah entirely.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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