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Verse (4:116), Word 16 - Quranic Grammar

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The sixteenth word of verse (4:116) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)


(4:116:16)
bil-lahi
with Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (4:116)

The analysis above refers to the 116th verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: Indeed, Allah does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allah has certainly gone far astray.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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