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Verse (49:16), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (49:16) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is dāl yā nūn (د ي ن). The attached possessive pronoun is second person masculine plural. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (49) sūrat l-ḥujurāt (The Dwellings)

with your religion
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (49:16)

The analysis above refers to the sixteenth verse of chapter 49 (sūrat l-ḥujurāt):

Sahih International: Say, "Would you acquaint Allah with your religion while Allah knows whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth, and Allah is Knowing of all things?"

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds