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Verse (49:13), Word 11 - Quranic Grammar

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The eleventh word of verse (49:13) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A particle of purpose, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed particle lām is used to indicate the purpose of an action and makes the following verb subjunctive. The form VI imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn rā fā (ع ر ف). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (49) sūrat l-ḥujurāt (The Dwellings)


(49:13:11)
litaʿārafū
that you may know one another.
PRP – prefixed particle of purpose lām
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form VI) imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
اللام لام التعليل
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (49:13)

The analysis above refers to the thirteenth verse of chapter 49 (sūrat l-ḥujurāt):

Sahih International: O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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