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Verse (49:11), Word 11 - Quranic Grammar

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The eleventh word of verse (49:11) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is kāf wāw nūn (ك و ن). The verb (يكون) belongs to a special group of words known as kāna and her sisters (كان واخواتها). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (49) sūrat l-ḥujurāt (The Dwellings)


(49:11:11)
yakūnū
they may be
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع اسم «يكون»

Verse (49:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 49 (sūrat l-ḥujurāt):

Sahih International: O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one's] faith. And whoever does not repent - then it is those who are the wrongdoers.

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Language Research Group
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