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Verse (48:9), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (48:9) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (48) sūrat l-fatḥ (The Victory)


(48:9:2)
bil-lahi
in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (48:9)

The analysis above refers to the ninth verse of chapter 48 (sūrat l-fatḥ):

Sahih International: That you [people] may believe in Allah and His Messenger and honor him and respect the Prophet and exalt Allah morning and afternoon.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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