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Verse (48:13), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (48:13) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (48) sūrat l-fatḥ (The Victory)

in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (48:13)

The analysis above refers to the thirteenth verse of chapter 48 (sūrat l-fatḥ):

Sahih International: And whoever has not believed in Allah and His Messenger - then indeed, We have prepared for the disbelievers a Blaze.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds