The nineteenth word of verse (46:4) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is kāf tā bā (ك ت ب). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the fourth
verse of chapter 46 (sūrat
Sahih International: Say, [O Muhammad], "Have you considered that which you invoke besides Allah ? Show me what they have created of the earth; or did they have partnership in [creation of] the heavens? Bring me a scripture [revealed] before this or a [remaining] trace of knowledge, if you should be truthful."
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