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Verse (44:20), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (44:20) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is rā bā bā (ر ب ب). The attached possessive pronoun is first person singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (44) sūrat l-dukhān (The Smoke)

with my Lord
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 1st person singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والياء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (44:20)

The analysis above refers to the twentieth verse of chapter 44 (sūrat l-dukhān):

Sahih International: And indeed, I have sought refuge in my Lord and your Lord, lest you stone me.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds