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Verse (43:81), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (43:81) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is rā ḥā mīm (ر ح م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (43) sūrat l-zukh'ruf (The Gold Adornment)

the Most Gracious
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine singular noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (43:81)

The analysis above refers to the 81st verse of chapter 43 (sūrat l-zukh'ruf):

Sahih International: Say, [O Muhammad], "If the Most Merciful had a son, then I would be the first of [his] worshippers."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds