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Verse (43:33), Word 10 - Quranic Grammar


The tenth word of verse (43:33) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is rā ḥā mīm (ر ح م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (43) sūrat l-zukh'ruf (The Gold Adornment)

in the Most Gracious
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine singular noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (43:33)

The analysis above refers to the 33rd verse of chapter 43 (sūrat l-zukh'ruf):

Sahih International: And if it were not that the people would become one community [of disbelievers], We would have made for those who disbelieve in the Most Merciful - for their houses - ceilings and stairways of silver upon which to mount

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