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Verse (43:17), Word 6 - Quranic Grammar


The sixth word of verse (43:17) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is rā ḥā mīm (ر ح م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (43) sūrat l-zukh'ruf (The Gold Adornment)

for the Most Gracious
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine singular noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (43:17)

The analysis above refers to the seventeenth verse of chapter 43 (sūrat l-zukh'ruf):

Sahih International: And when one of them is given good tidings of that which he attributes to the Most Merciful in comparison, his face becomes dark, and he suppresses grief.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds