The tenth word of verse (43:17) is an indefinite form IX masculine active participle and is in the accusative case (منصوب). The active participle's triliteral root is sīn wāw dāl (س و د).
The analysis above refers to the seventeenth
verse of chapter 43 (sūrat
Sahih International: And when one of them is given good tidings of that which he attributes to the Most Merciful in comparison, his face becomes dark, and he suppresses grief.
Asim Iqbal 2nd
17th June, 2011
Form IX passive participle.
blackened, turned black
(became grieved, sorrowful, displeased,unhappy)
Reference: A Word for Word Meaning of the Qur'an by Muhammad Mohar Ali. 16:58, 43:17
9th June, 2013
Form IX Active Participle .
Grammarians label such forms as active participle and for forms VII, IX and XI there is no passive participle.
Notes: Wright’s Arabic Grammar Volume 1 pages 50, 51
Verbs that express a state or condition, or signify an act which is, by its very nature, confined to the person of the subject, and cannot pass to another individual as its object مَرِضَ (as to be sick, نَامَ to sleep), are aptly called neuter verbs, since they are neither really active nor really passive, but something between the two. The Arab grammarians cannot class them otherwise than among the active verbs, and they therefore distinguish أَلْأَفْعَالُ ٱلْمُتَعَدِّيَة , transitive verbs from أَلْأَفْعَالُ غَيْرُ ٱلْمُتَعَدِّيَة, intransitive verbs, or أَلْأَفْعَالُ ٱللَّازِمَة, verbs that are confined to the subject.
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