The eighth word of verse (42:5) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ḥā mīm dāl (ح م د). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the fifth
verse of chapter 42 (sūrat
Sahih International: The heavens almost break from above them, and the angels exalt [Allah] with praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on earth. Unquestionably, it is Allah who is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
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