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Verse (42:49), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar

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The first word of verse (42:49) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (42) sūrat l-shūrā (Consultation)


(42:49:1)
lillahi
To Allah
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (42:49)

The analysis above refers to the 49th verse of chapter 42 (sūrat l-shūrā):

Sahih International: To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth; He creates what he wills. He gives to whom He wills female [children], and He gives to whom He wills males.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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