The fifth word of verse (42:17) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ḥā qāf qāf (ح ق ق). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the seventeenth
verse of chapter 42 (sūrat
Sahih International: It is Allah who has sent down the Book in truth and [also] the balance. And what will make you perceive? Perhaps the Hour is near.
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