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Verse (40:84), Word 6 - Quranic Grammar

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The sixth word of verse (40:84) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (40) sūrat ghāfir (The Forgiver God)


(40:84:6)
bil-lahi
in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (40:84)

The analysis above refers to the 84th verse of chapter 40 (sūrat ghāfir):

Sahih International: And when they saw Our punishment, they said," We believe in Allah alone and disbelieve in that which we used to associate with Him."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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