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Verse (40:44), Word 12 - Quranic Grammar


The twelfth word of verse (40:44) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (40) sūrat ghāfir (The Forgiver God)

of (His) slaves."
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (40:44)

The analysis above refers to the 44th verse of chapter 40 (sūrat ghāfir):

Sahih International: And you will remember what I [now] say to you, and I entrust my affair to Allah. Indeed, Allah is Seeing of [His] servants."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds