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Verse (40:42), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (40:42) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (40) sūrat ghāfir (The Forgiver God)


(40:42:3)
bil-lahi
in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (40:42)

The analysis above refers to the 42nd verse of chapter 40 (sūrat ghāfir):

Sahih International: You invite me to disbelieve in Allah and associate with Him that of which I have no knowledge, and I invite you to the Exalted in Might, the Perpetual Forgiver.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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